The Complete Guide How to Cure a Sore Throat You MUST KNOW!

How to cure a sore throat? This is one good and also common question from the people who happen to suffer from sore throat.

Sore throat is a very common condition especially in colder weather. There will be raw, burning and scratchy feeling at the back side of throat. Sometimes, sore throat also felt to be painful.

Many people feel sore throat when flu is on the way. However, sore throat is not just being caused by sore throat.

Each cause will need proper treatment. Knowing the main cause of sore throat will help in solving the problem faster.

Knowing Causes of Sore Throat

Sore throat can happen to anyone and it can be painful and uncomfortable.

Naturally, many people will try to find a way to get better. How to cure sore throat? In most cases, simply letting it be will be enough.

This happens in most cases of sore throat caused by virus or bacteria (except for one called strep throat).

Sore throats those are caused by injuries or by irritants may need a little different treatment in longer period of treatment.

There are three main categories of things or conditions that lead to sore throat.

Sore throats can be cause by the viral illness such as the followings:

  • Common cold is known as the most common viral infection.
  • Laryngitis or the infection of voice box.
  • Mononucleosis or known as mono or the kissing disease is a viral infection that often brought the persistent and very uncomfortable sore throat.
  • The other viral infection such as influenza, herpangina and also mumps.

Sore throats can be caused by the bacterial infection:

  • Adenoiditis: the infection or inflammation happens on adenoids.
  • Epiglottitis: inflammation on epiglottis.
  • Peritonsillar abscess: infection of tissues around tonsils.
  • Strep throat: a condition that doesn’t occur alongside cough or congestion.
  • Tonsilitis: inflammation or infection happens on tonsils.
  • Uvulitis: inflammation that happens on uvula.
  • Rare cases of STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) such as Chlamydia or gonorrhea. If someone has engaged in the high-risk sexual behavior, it is better to be cautious with the possibility of chlymdia or gonorrhea.

Sore throats can be caused by the injuries or irritants. In these cases of sore throat, there will be more time needed for a recovery. The sore throats might last for a week or even more than that:

  • An injury at the back of throat such as the puncture or cut as the result of falling with the pointed object inside of the mouth.
  • Breathing through mouth instead of nose because of the stuffy nose or allergy.
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome: known as a condition that will drag tiredness to the extreme.
  • Stomach acids go back up to the throat. This is a possible symptom of GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. GERD often occur alongside heartburn, cough and the acid taste in mouth. However, sometimes the sore throat is the one and only symptom.

How to cure sore throat? When the main cause is already known, then curing will be more effective because the right medication is taken.

In most cases of sore throat, many people will not bother themselves with medications unless the sore throat becomes really annoying or persistent.

Sometimes, taking warm water mixed with some salt will be enough to help relieving the sore throat or even get rid of it. Although that sore throat is often caused by minor health issue, the ones caused by bacteria, irritants and injuries will need to be properly treated to prevent it from getting worse.

Symptoms of Sore Throat

Before knowing how to cure sore throat, let’s figure out the symptoms of sore throat.

Many people have already known about the classic symptoms. Scratchiness or burning sensation at the back of the throat is known to be the classic symptoms of sore throat.

However, the symptoms are not just those two. Aside of that, there will be painful feel when swallowing and there might be tenderness along neck.

The symptoms mentioned here might also be accompanied by the flowing symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Coughing and sneezing
  • General fatigue
  • Hoarseness
  • Mild fever
  • Rash
  • Runny nose
  • Swollen glands in neck

The symptoms mentioned above are the ones known to be common. The common treatments such as the home remedies or the nonprescription medication will be enough.

However, the patients of sore throat will need to visit a doctor soon when they feel more than the ones mentioned above. Visit a doctor if:

  • There are symptoms resemble symptoms of flu that don’t get better after several days. This might be the sign of infectious mononucleosis or mono.
  • Hoarseness or pain last for longer than just 2 weeks. This might be the sign of oral cancer or throat cancer.
  • The condition of sore throat is accompanied by drooling or patients experience difficulty in breathing and swallowing. This might be the indication of inflamed abscess in the back of throat or inflamed structure that overhangs at the opening to larynx called epiglottis. The immediate medical attention is needed here.
  • The pain is not just felt in the throat but moves to the ear as well. This is a sign of a very serious problem and visiting doctor is a must.
  • The patients are adolescents or children who suffer from the flu-like sysmptoms. Influenza is more likely to lead to the complications to people with obesity, pregnant women and people with the chronic diseases such as asthma, diabetes or COPD.
  • The sore throat persists for more than one week and also accompanied by the itchy eyes, postnasal drip and also sneezing. This might be the sign of allergies and need the proper medical attention.

There are symptoms of strep throat mainly the high fever that exceeds 38.3C or 101°F and without the other cold symptoms.

Caution for Strep Throat

Amongst all of the sore throat caused by bacterial infection, strep throat needs a little bit more attention.

This is the kind of infection caused by streptococcal bacteria or strep.

When this happens, the throat will become irritated, inflamed and in the end causing the severe sore throat.

There are a lot of different types of the strep bacteria. Some of these strep bacteria types may even cause the more serious health problems. Therefore, the more proper treatment will be needed in order to stay healthier.

Strep throat is not the most common sore throat. However, some people quickly get panic when their sore throat lasts for more than a week. The followings are symptoms of the strep throat:

  • A sudden and severe sore throat.
  • Fever more than 38.3C or 101°F.
  • Pain while trying to swallow foods or drink.
  • Swollen lymph nodes and tonsils.
  • Yellow or white spots on the bright red throat.

Belly pain and headache are also possible to happen. Other symptoms those are uncommon include body aches, appetite loss, vomiting and the red skin rash.

When these symptoms appear, visiting a doctor will be a necessary thing.

There is a need to check the condition further and decide on the best antibiotics treatment.

This condition can last for 2 or even 3 weeks and during that time, the patients will become contagious.

A patient of strep throat will be contagious. So, be careful because this condition can be passed from one person to another.

The bacteria might be coughed and breathed by other persons. It takes about 2 or even 5 days before the symptoms can be seen. Another way to stop the contagiousness is by taking proper antibiotics treatment.

Patients of strep throat will not become contagious within 24 hours after starting the antibiotics treatment.

The Proper Treatment for Sore Throat

Viral illnesses are the most common conditions that lead to sore throat. Home remedies are often quite effective in relieving the sore throat.

The usage of antibiotics is not recommended. Antibiotics will not bring a change in viral infections and thus they are useless for the most common sore throat.

On top of that, the unnecessary usage of antibiotics has the risks of allergic reaction and antibiotic side effects including diarrhea, nausea, rashes, vomiting and yeast infections.

The usage of antibiotics is not recommended for common viral sore throat because beneficial bacteria might be killed anti-antibiotics bacteria will be developed.

In how to cure sore throat correctly, antibiotics are not needed to relief the common sore throat.

However, antibiotics will be needed to relief sore throat caused by bacterial infections such as strep throat. Although so, taking antibiotics without further check on the sore throat condition is not a good thing.

Before taking antibiotics, visiting a doctor to check on the sore throat will always be the first necessary step. Aside of taking medicines or home remedies, try to also apply the healthier lifestyle.

Find the several good home remedies to help recovery of sore throat and the end of this article.

Some Tips to Prevent Sore Throat

Sore throat is not a comfortable condition. The wish to avoid this condition can be understood very well. There are several things that can be done in order to be able to stay away from the unpleasant sore throat. Those useful things are as the followings:

  • Stop smoking! Of course this is directed to the people who have habit of smoking. As for the people who don’t smoke, stay away from the secondhand smoke of the smokers.
  • Avoid cold and flu because these two conditions are the most often to bring sore throats. Therefore, staying away from people who are cold and flu is recommended. If avoiding these sick people is not possible, then be more aware. Don’t share foods, drinks or utensils. Always keep hands clean and also away from face and eyes.
  • Live the healthier lifestyle is always the main key to be healthier. Try to set and eat the healthier foods in the daily menu. Drink more water in order to keep a lot of fluids in the body and keep the disease away.
  • Get flu vaccine in every year. This is a very helpful thing in order to keep cold and flu away. Of course, in the end it will also help to keep sore throat away. There will be no virus when the cold and flu are prevented with the vaccine. This vaccine for flu recommended to be given to everyone who is older than 6 months.
  • For the people who suffer allergies and prone to the sore throat. Treating allergies will help to reduce the sore throat.
  • Patients of GERD or the gastroesophageal reflux disease need to be aware as well. This is the disease that might bring frequent sore throats and that is obviously not a nice thing to be known. Treat this condition properly to reduce the frequency of sore throat.

Some Useful Home Remedies to Help

The followings are some very useful home remedies. If someone is asking how to cure sore throat, the following home remedies might be really helpful.

  • Gargle with the warm salt water

Gargling with the salt water is known as something commonly used by many people. It is not the old tale of the wives. It is something real and many people have already felt the benefits of gargling with warm salt water. The inflamed or swollen throat will become better because this old way of solving sore throat. The swollen and inflamed cells will have their pain eased.


  • 1 cup of the warm water
  • ½ teaspoon of the table salt

Take enough water and heat it until it is warm. Soon, mix together salt in the warm water then gargle the mixture of warm water and salt. Do this no more than three times in a day.

  • Hot Toddy

There are two reasons why Hot Toddy will help. For one, honey and lemon help to sooth the throat. For two, the alcohol helps to get patients of sore throat into a sleep. The usage of alcohol is optional; it can be used or left behind.


  • 2 oz. of bourbon or whiskey (optional)
  • 4 ounces hot water
  • 1 tablespoon honey or more (depending on personal taste)
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice
  • 1 slice fresh lemon (optional)

If alcohol is used, put it into a large glass or mug. Add honey and leave the spoon in the glass. Pour the hot water until no honey is seen on spoon. Add lemon juice and then stir the mixture. Take glass to microwave to be heated for approximately 1 minute. Add the lemon slice and enjoy.

  • Licorice root tea

This beverage will naturally help to relief the sore throat as natural anti-viral and anti-inflammatory. Try to find tea with licorice and brew it at home. The recipe below has several additions for extra comfort.


  • 1 cup of dry licorice root that has been chopped
  • 2 tablespoons of the whole cloves
  • ½ cup of the flowers of chamomile
  • ½ cup of the cinnamon chips

Take a bowl and put everything in it to be mixed together. After all ingredients are mixed, take a glass jar and put the mixture in it. Set the jar away from light and heat. To prepare the tea, take 3 heaping tablespoon of tea with 2.5 cups of cold water in a pot and put it on stove to be boiled in medium heat. Reduce the heat to low and let the tea simmer for 10 minutes. Take a large mug and pour the tea through one strainer.

  • Mixing the apple cider vinegar (AVC) drink

Apple cider vinegar can help although that it doesn’t have delicious taste. This one is suitable for sore throats caused by bacteria. The ACV drink will be rich in acidity and will kill bacteria in efficient way.


  • 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar
  • 1 honey
  • 1 cup very warm water

Mix all ingredients together in one glass or mug and drink it while it is still warm. Another way to use acv is by mixing ½ cup warm water with 2 tablespoons ACV and gargle for once a day.

  • Garlic

It is a very well known natural remedy for bacterial sore throat. It is all because of allicin. It is a compound that will kill bacteria including the one bacteria type that will cause strep throat.


  • 1 clove of fresh garlic and sliced in half

Take 1 piece of garlic and put it each cheek (inside of the mouth). Suck the piece of garlic as if it is the cough drop. Occasionally, crush teeth against garlic to release the allicin compound. Don’t bite the garlic piece too hard. Do this once a day.

  • Marshmallow root

This is a kind of herb that has been used for several centuries in Europe as well as in North America. In the marshmallow root, there is mucilage that is known to help coating and soothing the sore throat. This way is useful not only to help sore throat but also to help lowering the levels of blood sugar.


  • 1 cup boiling water
  • 1 tablespoon dried marshmallow root

Put the dried marshmallow root in a glass or mug and pour the boiling water. Cover it for about 30 to 60 minutes before straining and drinking it.

  • Cayenne

Warm water that is mixed with cayenne will be a good thing for the sore throat. It makes the patients of sore feel better. It is another home remedy that might seem to be unfamiliar to many people. It is not a popular choice because many people actually don’t really like the searing feel. Some people might think that it is a mad way. But this is a very effective way to kick sore throat away.

Cayenne is known to be rich in capsaicin that will relieve pain just like how aspirin and Advil do.


  • ½ teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1 cup boiling water

Add and mix cayenne pepper in the boiling water. Add honey and stir them together until the mixture become warm and not hot. Make sure to keep frequent stirring because cayenne has the tendency to settle. For the people who are sensitive to spice, try to reduce the amount of pepper to just 1/8 teaspoon.

  • Ginger

Ginger is known to have the intense or even spicy flavor. However, ginger can help to make the condition of sore throat better. Why? It is all because the properties that will help to get rid of pain in ginger. Ginger will also be really good remedy for cold.

Considering cold and the sore throat often come in one package, taking ginger will be a real good thing to be done.

Not to mention that ginger is really beneficial because it will help to boost circulation, flushing toxins from the body, speeding recovery and many others. Ginger can be enjoyed with a cup of tea.


  • 2 inches of fresh ginger root
  • 2 or 3 cups of water
  • Honey
  • Cutting board
  • Vegetable peeler or sharp knife
  • Wax paper

Wash ginger root properly and then peel it. Slice the root into smaller pieces on cutting board and then cover it with wax paper. Crush the covered and sliced ginger root with the flat side of knife but don’t crush it too much. Another way to do it is by slicing the ginger root thinly.

Tae a pot and pour the water into it. Heat it on medium heat than add the ginger, let it be boiled for about 3 to 5 minutes and then pour the water to a cup. It is best to drink it while it’s hot or at least warm. Just remember to strain the ginger hot water to make sure that tiny bits of ginger is not included in the cup.